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The Complete History Of Chocolate (Cacao) Through The Ages
What happened to chocolate throughout history?
Many cultures have made chocolate as part of their traditions. It was believed that cocoa creates strong faith, good health, gives strength and helps in love and passion. Once it was only available to the upper class and royal families, now it is available to everyone.
It is thought that cacao powder comes from the Amazon and is 4000 years old.
600, the Maya civilization-
The Maya call the cacao tree cacahuaquchtl, which means “tree”. The word chocolate comes from the Mayan word xocoatl which means “bitter water”. In Maya culture, cocoa pods represent life and fertility. However, nothing was more important than that! They also painted cocoa beans on the walls of their palaces.
1000, Seed – Money
People from Central America use cocoa beans as money. For one Zontli you can get 400 cacao beans, while for one Xiquipilli you can get 8000 beans.
1200, Aztec Civilization-
The Aztecs believed that cocoa was given to them by the God Quetzalcoatl, who stole the cocoa tree from paradise. The Maya and the Aztecs believed it to be a healing medicine. They drink cold and bitter water. Sugar was unknown to the Aztecs, but they added various spices such as hot peppers and even flour! The Aztecs believed that wisdom and power came from eating this fruit. Their king Montezuma liked to drink cocoa so much that he drank 50 cups every day.
1492, the return of Columbus-
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabel were given many unknown and wonderful things by Columbus. However, they were not interested in black cocoa beans.
1513, Purchase of Slaves-
Hernando de Oviedo Valdez, a member of Pedrarias Avila’s expedition, said that he bought slaves for 100 cocoa beans, prostitutes and 4 cocoa beans found a rabbit, which he ate for dinner. At the same time, and took the name of drink chocolatl word Maja xocoatl (chocolate) and Asteške word water or hot drink.
1519 Spanish Bank-
Hernando Cortez, who conquered part of Mexico in 1519, tasted cocoa, but was not happy with it. He was very fond of cocoa beans as a means of payment. He immediately declared cocoa plantations under Spanish rule, and began to “grow” money.
1528 Spanish secret-
Cortez gave cocoa beans to the Spanish court. They also had chocolate making equipment.
Cortez mixed the bitter drink with sugar and it soon became popular among the Spanish people. They added different flavors like cinnamon, vanilla etc. The Spanish guarded the secret of chocolate, almost 100 years from the rest of the world! But there was no secret that enjoying chocolate worked as an aphrodisiac.
1544, Dominican friar-
Spanish monks, tasked with processing cocoa beans, eventually reveal the secret. Soon, chocolate spread throughout Europe as a delicious and healthy food.
1569, Church of Rome-
Pope Pius V did not like chocolate. However, he only allowed to drink there on Fridays.
1579, English Pirates-
English pirates who stole Spanish ships with cacao, burned the cacao beans as they thought they were ship’s waste.
1585, Chocolate Market-
The first ship with cacao sold on the market in Spain in 1587.
1609, Chocolate Comes to Scripture-
The first completely dedicated book came from Mexico.
1615 Fruitful Marriage-
Anne of Austria, daughter of King Philip II of Spain married Louis XIII, and gave him chocolate.
1657 first time in London-
A Frenchman opened the first chocolate shop in London. London’s chocolate houses became the gathering place for a new generation of London’s elite. The first chocolate house is advertised as the biggest drink in western India.
1662 Rome Had Different Ideas-
The Roman Church referred to chocolate as a magical medicine. Cardinal Brancaccio said “liquidum non frangit jejunum” what does it mean Chocolate is not work”.
1670, The Journeyman’s Fate-
Director Pedro Bravo do los Camerinos decided to give up sailing and research, so he settled in the Philippines, where he spent the rest of his life tending cocoa plantations. So his foundation was a very large garden at that time.
1671 Happy Accident-
While the Duke of Plesslis-Praslin was waiting for his dessert, an accident occurred in the kitchen. When the almonds were covered in sugar, he liked them so much that he named them after him. Since then this sweet has changed a lot but the original name remained.
1674 Essential Cookies-
London Coffee shop Mill and Tobacco Roll offered chocolate cakes and chocolate rolls.
In November 1667, Brazil found the first plantation in the country.
The appearance of chocolate in Germany prompted Fredrik I of Prussia to introduce taxes. So chocolate was taxed as an imported product. Anyone who wanted to enjoy chocolate had to pay a license.
1711 Chocolate arrives in Vienna-
King Charles VI moved his palace from Madrid to Vienna. So the chocolate came back to the blue Danube.
1720 Italian Masters-
An Italian cake from Florence and Venice, it became famous for its chocolate and its masters were welcomed in France, Germany and Switzerland.
1730 Great Design-
With the advent of steam power, the development of cocoa machines accelerated.
1747 Frederick III of Prussia
Frederick the Great banned the trade in chocolate in his kingdom. Those who wanted to deal with chocolate had to pay a high price, so only the rich could eat it.
1755 Chocolate arrived in America-
very late, not before 1755, chocolate came to America
1765 America’s first chocolate maker- Founded somewhere in New England.
1780 Spain again
The first chocolate making machine was invented in Barcelona.
1792 factory in Berlin-
In Germany, the Josty brothers opened a chocolate shop and sold Swiss chocolate. Then he opened a factory in Berlin.
1797 Always take chocolate with You-
Goethe had no confidence in Swiss hoteliers and whenever he was on the road he carried a full chocolate bar.
1800 Chocolate Consolidation-
Antoine Brutus Menier invented the first chocolate machine.
The chocolate we know today was created thanks to the Dutchman Conrad J. van Houten, who in 1828 had a hydraulic press to crush cocoa beans where cocoa powder was made.
1847 Real Chocolate-
in 1847 Englishman Joseph Fry discovered that cocoa powder can be mixed with sugar and melted cocoa butter. That was the first finished flavored chocolate, which became very popular all over the world.
Swiss Daniel Peter experimented with milk as a chocolate ingredient, so in 1875 he made the first milk chocolate. As the best artisans in the chocolate industry, the Swiss have perfected their craft. So, in 1879 Rudolf Lindt (Lindt is one of the most famous chocolate manufacturers) created a chocolate that melts in your mouth, the “chocolate fondant” we love today.
1849 Chocolate Exhibition-
The first show was held in Birmingham, England.
1875 Milk time Chocolate-
After eight years of testing, Daniel Peter presented his first milk chocolate. Henri Nestlé has changed the production of milk chocolate to use his invention – skimmed milk.
1900 Political Change-
Spain, which first introduced chocolate to Europe, was forgotten. Germans eat the most chocolate, followed by Americans, French and British. However, Switzerland became the most important country for chocolate production.
1913 filled chocolate-
Jules Sechaud of Montreux, Switzerland, invented the chocolate filling method.
1938 World War II –
The US government has seen an important role for chocolate in the military. The ships were loaded with chocolate, which gave the soldiers strength and courage. Today, every soldier receives 3-4 hours of chocolate.
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